Patna | India


Patna | India

Patna: A city with ancient Indian historical evidence everywhere
Patna is the capital city of Bihar. It is also the second largest city in the eastern India after Kolkata. This city and surrounding areas are full of historical and religious marvels, that is why this city is one of the main attractions for international as also domestic tourists. There was a time, when Patna was a very famous spot for religious tourism, but now people come here to know ancient India history that is present everywhere in Patna.

Some important information about Patna
Patna is the capital city of the eastern Indian state of Bihar and situated on the bank of the Ganges.
• During the Historical time, Patna was famous as Pataliputra.
• In summer Patna becomes too hot when the maximum day temperature rises up to 44-45 degrees centigrade. In winter the remains cold, but pleasing when the minimum temperature remains within 8-10 degrees centigrade.
• Average annual rainfall in Patna remains within 1100mm.
• October to February is the best time to visit Patna.
• Jaiprakash Narayan International Airport is located 5Km southwest of Patna, which is connecting this city with Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Ranchi, and several other cities in India.
Patna Junction Railway Station is one of the important railway station in eastern India.
Patna is well-connected with the rest of the country through several national highways, and with the other parts of Bihar through several state highways. NH19, NH30, NH31, and NH83 passes from this place. Long distance buses commute from Patna although other major Indian cities like Delhi, Kolkata, Ranchi, etc.

Famous destinations in Patna
Following are the most popular destinations in this historical city:
• Kumrahar: Located on the outskirts of Patna, Kumrahar is a pure evidence of the old history of Patna or Pataliputra. Here one could see ancient copper coins, ornaments, stone beads, terracotta beads and many other things.
• Golghar: It was created in the year of 1786 by Captain J. Garstin. It was used to store grains when famine hit the city.
Patna Museum: Building was constructed 1917, and it is the oldest museum in Patna. It contains over 45000 artifacts starting from ancient India to Mughal dynasty.
• Jalan Museum: It was constructed in 1919 under the supervision of Diwan Bahadur Radha Krishna Jalan. Nearly 10000 different objects of historical value could be found here.
• Nalanda University: It is one of the oldest residential university of the world created in the 5th century. Scholars and students from various parts of the world, including China, Turkey, Korea, Persia, and Indonesia used to come here for studying.

Besides, Buddha Memorial Park, Mahavir Mandir, Jalmandir Temple, Sun Temple, Begum Hajjam’s Mosque, Pavapuri Jain mandir, Patna planetarium, etc. and many other destinations are worth visiting in Patna.

Festivals in Patna
Patna is also recognized as a major destination in India for religious tourism. Naturally, festivals are the part and parcel of this city. Chhath puja is one of the most popular and widely celebrated festivals in entire Bihar, including Patna. Besides, Holi, Eid, Ramnavami, and Dussehra are celebrated in this city with much joy and enthusiasm.


Ashis Roy